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Three More Effective Study Techniques To Try Out (2)

By CollegeHallRAs 25 Dec 2022

In continuation to the previous article, I will be detailing three more effective study techniques for you to try out this academic year! 



Firstly, the Feynman Technique: 

This is a study technique that was developed by Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman. It is based on the following idea: the best way to learn a topic is by teaching it to a year 6 student. It is a powerful learning tool that encourages the learner to breakdown complex topics into easily-understood chunks: easy enough for a year 6 student to understand. On the surface, this may appear to be a simple study technique, however once you start using it you will soon realise that unless you have fully mastered a topic, explaining it to a young child is, in fact, quite a feat. This technique requires one to learn more deeply and think more critically about the study material, which makes it an extremely powerful method of learning. 

Moving on to the Leitner System:

This study method uses flashcard-based learning to maximise memorisation. It was developed by Sebastian Leitner in 1972 and acted as a source of inspiration to the more modern flashcard-based study methods like Quizlet and Anki. To use this method, you need to create flashcards. On the front of the cards, you write questions and on the back, the answers. Once you have your flashcards written, create three 'Leitner boxes' large enough to contain the flashcards you created. You can name them Box A, B and C. The idea is that to begin with, all of the cards will be in Box A. Take a card from box A, read the question and try to recall the answer from memory. If you are successful, place it in box B; if not, keep it in box A. Repeat this until you have reviewed all the cards in box 1 at least once. After that, start reviewing the box of cards based on time intervals. If you are able to recall the information on the cards in box B, move them to box C; if not, keep them in box B or move them to box A if need be. 

An important detail of this system is scheduling. Every box has a set review frequency, with Box A being reviewed the most frequently as it contains all the most difficult-to-learn flashcards. Box C, on the other hand, will contain the cards that you’ve already recalled correctly, and that is why it does not need to be reviewed as frequently. Although time-consuming as it does take time to create all the cards, this is a simple yet effective study technique and is suited to those who prefer physical flashcards over virtual ones. 

Finally, the PQ4R Study Method: 

This technique was developed by researchers Thomas and Robinson in 1972. PQ4R stands for the steps one might take when learning something new: preview, question, read, reflect, recite and review. This might be a helpful technique if you want to extract the most important bits of information from a large textbook as it allows you to get through the chunks of text quicker and boosts retention. Although this is a useful study technique, ideally it shouldn't be your primary strategy for study as it is seen as a more passive method. That being said, it will serve as an excellent adjunct to any study technique founded on active recall, which was detailed in the previous article. 





To conclude, I hope you have enjoyed learning about different study methods you can utilise this academic year and hopefully in future years - I sure have! Stay tuned for more education-related posts :)

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